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Saturday, February 22, 2014

2014 Winter Olympics : Short History of Sochi

The town Sochi stretches for 145 km along the Black sea coast of the Caucasus in Krasnodar region. The area of the town is 3505 square km. The population is about 400 thousand people. The town consists of four administrative districts: Adler, Khosta, Central, Lazarevskoe. 

The territory of Sochi started being opened up 400-350 thousand years ago in the epoch of early paleolithic, and played an appreciable role in antique and medieval history. A lot of archaeological relics have been discovered and partially examined here: caves, open sites, settlements of prehistorical people, dolmens, ruins of fortresses, temples and burial grounds, burial mounds.

Starting with the second half of the XVI century the Caucasus turned into the arena of Russia's fight with Turkey and Percia. This fight ended up in 1829 with the signing of Andriapol peaceful treatment, ac­cording to which , the Black sea coast from the mouth of the Kuban river till the fort of St. Ni kiolai (to the south of town Poti) became the territory of Russia. During the Caucasian war in the 30-s of the XIX century, the Black sea coast line, consisting of the shore forts for guarding the coast, was formed. The following forts.- of St. Spirit (Adler), Aleksandria (Sochi), Lazarev's fort (Lazarevskoe), Golovinsky (Golovinka) and others, - were built by the Russian troops on the territory of Sochi. The ruins of the forts walls were preserved, and now they are the historical monuments.

On April, 21 1838 the military landed troops laid the fort Aleksandria in honor of the Empress's birthday on the height, at the mouth of the Sochi river. That place became the first Russian settlement, located in the center of modern Sochi.

The town got its present name "Sochi" in 1896 after the name of the river and of the place of the ubykhs tribal nation, who had inhabited this territory till 1864. The examining and exploration of the Caucasus Black sea coast curative factors started after the end of the Caucasian war in 1864. The process of the land division was passing very quickly at that period on the Black sea coast. The government was not able to solve the problem of the industrial development of the region, and it was possible to cope with it on the basis of the private capital only. Russian bourgeoisie, in its turn, felt benefit from this region. New opportunities of investing the capital and of increasing the profit appeared here.

A villa "Vera" was built in N.N.Mamontov's estate in 1872. This building can be considered the first construction of a dacha type on the territory of Big So­ chi . Then some decline in dacha building was observed. The activity of the special commission on exploring the Black sea coast from Novorossiissk to Sukhumi, which had started its work in 1898, was an important page in the history of the development of the resort Sochi. The professors A..I.Voeikov, F.I.Pasternatsky and a mountain engineer A.V.Sergeev were included into the commission. The report of the commission was presented at the I All-Russian congress on climatology, hydrology and balneology in Petersburg in 1898. The reports said, that due to the natural richness of the Black sea coast, the foundation of the balneological and climatic resorts was quite possible. However, considerable sums, the governmental support and the co-action of the people, experienced in this matter, were demanded.

The rich land of the Black sea coast attracted manufacturers and business owners more and more at the end of the XIX- beginning of the XX centuries. According to the Resolution of May, 23 1896 the Black sea district, which had been included into the Kuban region, was separated as an independent Black sea province. It was the smallest of all Russia's provinces (6455 square versts). Simultaneously, the trusteeship of Sochi area was reformed into the district. The borders of Sochi district stretched from the Dederukai river (nowadays- Lazarevsky district) till Sukhumisection (Gagra).

The borders have been expanded at the cost of Sukhumi district since 1901. Since that time Sochi district occupied the territory between the sea and the Main Caucasian Ridge from the Shakhee river in the north till the Bzyb river in the south, including Gagra. By the same resolution (of May, 23 1896) Dakhovsky settlement was re named into settlement Sochi after the name of the tribal community of the ubykhs "so- atshee", who had inhabited this territory till 1864. Since May/I 1898 settlement Sochi was in­ cluded into the list of the settlements with the simplified public governing, i.e. it had the status of an urban type settlement . The administration consisted of a headman, his assistants and of 12 plenipotentiaries, elected by the citizens.

Sochi got the status of a town only in July, 31 1917 after including the suburbs of Vereshchaginskaya, Khludovs- kaya, Katkovo-Leontievskaya dachas, as well as the private people estates-, the Kostarevs's, the Tolokonnikovys's, the Khudekovs's and others, into the urban area of the settlement. There were big private estates of the earl S.D.Sheremetiev, S.I.Kovalevskaya, of the Great prince Mikhail, the tsar's estate "Dagomys", etc.

An architectural aspect with peculiarities and originality, typical only for the seaside resort towns and distinguishing them from other provincial regions, was formed in Sochi at the end of the XlX-the beginning of the XX centuries.

The main principle of a town-constructing approach, when building Sochi, was aimed at the creating a resort as a gar­den-town. Architecture had the features of pavillion-like buildings, typical for the park ensembles, where the main architects' goal was achieving harmony of the architecture with natural landscape. The parks comprised the particular pride of Sochi health-resort town.

The architecture of the buildings was accomplished in strict harmony with the environment and had specific features of its time. The buildings and constructions, erected at that period, have been attracting the attention of the inhabitants and of the guests since then.

Sochi Fine Arts Museum (the former building of the Plenipotentiary Central Elective Committee (CEC) of the USSR in Sochi-Matsesta resort), the Zimny (Winter) theater, Ordzhonikidze sanatorium - are the monuments of architecture and town building of the republican grade.

Natural setting, environment and climatic conditions of Sochi's location are really unique. In fact, a health-resort Sochi in a body is a part of the State Natural National Park, and a part of Sochi has been included in structure of the Caucasian biospheric reserve not without reason.

90% of territory of Sochi are mountains and foothills of the Western Caucasus covered by boundless deciduous forests. Because of a soft climate, plants from all parts of globe are collected here.

The altitude of highest mountains is more than 3000 m above sea level. Only here you've got an opportunity for simultaneous sun-bathing, sea baths taking, and for mountain skiing.

A land along-shore the Big Sochi, from settlement Magri in northwest, up to the river Psou on border with Abkhazia squeezes through gaps between the Black Sea and piedmonts of the Western Caucasus.

Warm coastal sea cur­ rents, glen winds and breezes render softening influence on a climate, creating surplus of a moisture under high summer temperature.

The network of mountain ridges protects coast from severe dry continental winds and creates a unique subtropical micro-climate in this territory.

Recommended hotels in Sochi, Russia :
Nairi Hotel

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Monday, February 17, 2014

England for the Novice Adventurer

England, which is also known as the land where sun never sets is an awesome place for the people to spend their vacation. Different world famous attractions can be seen in England for the people to enjoy. They can help an individual to get an unforgettable holiday. London is the capital city of England and most of the tourist attractions of England are centered on London. The Tower of London can be defined as one such attraction. The Tower of London was built in the 11th century and has played a very prominent role in English history. It is the original royal fortress and is located on the north bank of River Thames. It is one of London's best sites depicting the history and glory of England. Throughout the centuries, the tower has been a palace, prison, place of torture and place for crown jewels. Millions of people visit the tower every year and is one of world's heritage sites in the UNESCO list since 1988.

Tower Bridge is a bascule and suspension bridge over The Thames and was opened in 1894. It is an iconic part of the London skyline and the glinting blue upper walkways offer special views of building that line the river, the city center to the west and the Docklands to the east. The Tower Bridge Exhibition attracts people to the bridge, where the construction is explained and visitors are allowed to look into Victorian engine rooms and know about the power that raised the bascules of the bridge. Trafalgar Square is London's famous public square and tourist attraction in central London that was created to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar. The National Gallery in the north, St Martin-in-the-Fields Church in the east, the Strand to the south of the Church and many prominent statues make the square a unique attraction in London.

London Dungeon is one of London's famous attractions recreating glory and macabre historical events in a gallows humor style. With live actors, special effects and rides, this site appeals younger audience largely. It was opened in 1974 and is operated by Merlin Entertainments. It's highly thrilling to face the worst nightmares, take rides like extremis and traitor and have several unique experiences. Shakespeare's Globe is located on the south bank of the River Thames. It's a commemoration to the famous English poet and dramatist William Shakespeare. The current theatre is the replica of the original Theatre built in the 16th century, which was burnt to ground in the 17th century. It is a commemoration to William Shakespeare one of world's best English poets and dramatists.

England is a crowded country, so the tourists who are planning to visit the country are advised to book hotels before they land. will help you to book the hotels in a convenient way. All you have to do is to visit Hotels-seeker and search for the hotels in your destination town. Then you will be directed to the search results page, which will contain a list of all the available hotels in that particular city. All the results are taken on a real time basis from leading hotel booking websites like Travelocity and Venere. They have a good collection of hotels in their databases and they include most of the hotels, motels, inns and hostels in England. Moreover, you can access the video on context feature and watch video documentaries about England while searching for a hotel. There is something for everyone who is planning to visit another country in, so thousands of people visit there to make their journey a memorable one.

The best hotel accommodations in the popular cities in England :

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Saturday, February 8, 2014

Get the Best Accommodation Deals in Thailand with

Thailand is renown throughout the world for being a popular travel destination and a backpacker's paradise, but the pure white beaches, the crystal blue sea, the beautiful historical and cultural locations and the busy inner cities can lend themselves to the hearts of any willing tourist. Whether you're looking for thrilling sites, relaxing tropical vistas or the sprawling metropolis of Bangkok, there is something in Thailand for everyone. Thailand is blessed with a tropical climate, leaving it oscillating between cool temperatures and sweltering heat, aside from a brief rainy season around September time. Beach goers will want to visit around March to June time, whilst backpackers and those visiting temples wanting to avoid the worst of the heat by heading out between November and February.

Most people spend a few days in the Thai capital, Bangkok but many find the pollution, traffic congestion and chaotic street life extremely wearing. There's plenty to take you off the street, however, including the glittering Grand Palace compound and its beautiful gigantic Reclining Buddha; the comprehensively stocked National Museum; the massive Chatuchak weekend market; with over eight thousand different nightlife that suns the full range from cutting-edge clubs to depressing strip joints. Thailand's beaches are among the world's best. You'll find the most developed and expensive resorts and some of the finest sands, on the islands of Ko Samui and Phuket, while backpakers tend to head for the more budget oriented Ko Pha Ngan, Ko Tao, Ko Lanta and Ko Mook. Krabi's Railay beaches are nothing short of stunning, Ko Samet makes and easy and economical break from Bangkok and Ko Chang is handy for travelers heading in and out of Cambodia.

You can even visit the ruined former capitals of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya during your stay in Thailand. Dating from the thirteen century, Sukhothai is a beautiful example og thoughtful city planning enlivened by lakes and elegant statues of the Buddha. The 300-year-old temples and palaces of Ayutthaya display a refined mix of Hindu and Buddhist sculpture and are fun to explore by bicycle. Both sets of ruins are now conserved as historical parks. There are plenty of sobering World War II sights in the town, as well as reasonable range of trekking, rafting and cycle options that make the most or the fine river scenery, plus some appealing rafthouse accommodation too. Since Thailand is a major tourist attraction in the world, you can find a wide range of services as well. The Thai massages are one such popular service offered to the tourists by native people. If you can find cheap accommodation facilities in Thailand, you can experience all these things with less hassle. If you are looking for accommodation facilities in Thailand, is the website that you need to visit. With the help of Hotels-Seeker, you can find a perfect hotel in Thailand within few minutes.

Plenty of reasons are available for the tourists to visit this website than going for hotel booking websites like, and They are made only for hotel booking purposes, but Hotels-seeker is made specifically for hotel comparison. The available features will help you to compare the available hotels and find the perfect one for you. Looking for hotels has never been so easy like this. When you find the perfect hotel, you can go ahead and find the contact details to book the hotel. There is an interesting video documentary service on the website which allows you to see videos of attractions around the hotel you select. Therefore visit Hotels-Seeker right now and spend an unforgettable vacation in Thailand.

The best hotel accommodations in the popular cities in Thailand :

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